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Botswana, officially the Republic of Botswana,
is a landlocked nation in Southern Africa.
Formerly the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana
adopted its new name after becoming independent within the Commonwealth on
September 30, 1966.
It is bordered by South Africa to
the south, Namibia to the
west, Zambia to the north, and
Zimbabwe to the northeast.
The economy, closely tied to South
Africa's, is predominated by mining
(especially diamonds), cattle, and tourism. The country is named after its
largest ethnic group, the Tswana. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Botswana
area was conquered and annexed by the Boers when in 1882 they established the republic of Stellaland
and then proceeded to establish the republic
of Goshen further north.
The Boers proclaimed Stellaland to be under Transvaal
protection. A postal service was organized and stamps were printed. These
stamps however were only valid within the country.
The British sent out a force which, without a
shot being fired, led to Bechuanaland
being formally taken under British protection on the 30th September 1885. Two
areas were established - British Bechuanaland and the Bechuanaland
BECHUANALAND: The area to the south of Molopo river
was constituted as a crown colony and described as British Bechuanaland.
Stamps were produced by overprinting Cape of Good Hope
and British stamps. Then on the 16th November 1895 it was annexed to the Cape Colony
and it ceased to have its own stamps.
PROTECTORATE: The large portion to the north of the Molopo river became the Bechuanaland Protectorate. First Cape
of Good Hope and then British stamps were overprinted for use in the
protectorate till 1932 when the first stamps were printed for the area.
BECHUANALAND: In 1965 the Becuanaland Protectorate was granted self-government and
was renamed as Becuanaland.
BOTSWANA: On the 30th September
1966 Bechuanaland became the
Mafeking-Gubulawayo Runner Post
The runner post
and Gubulawayo is commemorated with this minisheet issued in 1972 to mark the
84th anniversary of the post. The sheet was redrawn and a souvenir sheet was
issued in 1988 on the occasion of the 100th anniversary (#436-39). Both issues
show the same map. The original was drawn by Mike Bryan, and it was redrawn by
Death Centenary of Sir Rowland Hill
Inside #234: Bechuanaland #6O
Inside #236: Botswana #20O
Birth Centenary, von Stephan
Inside #266: Botswana #111O
Heinrich von Stephan (1831 -
1897) was a general post director for the German Empire who reorganized the
German postal service. He was integral in the founding of the Universal Postal
Union in 1874, and in 1877 introduced the telephone to Germany.
Stephan began his career as a
local postal worker. In 1866 he was put in charge by the Prussian government of
federalizing the postal service that had long been privately run by the Thurn
und Taxis noble family. In 1870 he was named director of postal services for
the North German Confederation, the precursor to the German Empire (founded in
1871). Stephan's career then moved quickly up the ranks, as he was named
Postmaster General of the German Empire in 1876, the Undersecretary of State in
charge of the post office in 1880, and the Minister of State for the German
Empire in 1895.
When Stephan began his work as a
postal worker, Germany
was divided into 17 postal districts, each with separate policies and fees. He
worked early on to establish a uniform postage rate throughout Germany, to
facilitate easier mailing. His general goal of standardization and
internationalization is evident in his work to combine the postal service with
the telegraph service in Germany,
and in his efforts to organize the International Postal Conference in Bern in 1874, in which the
Universal Postal Union was established. He introduced the postcard (which he
had initially suggested in 1865) to Germany after Chancellor Otto von
Bismarck promoted him in 1870: the postcard came into widespread use in the
subsequent Franco-Prussian War of 1870-71 as a method of communication between
units in the field. He is also credited with having introduced the telephone to
Stephan died in 1897 in Berlin, having made a profound impact on the
standardization of mail service worldwide.
Inside #277: Stamp on Envelope
Inside #367: Botswana #1O
Runner Post Centenary
Lloyd Gilbert for scan
25th Anniversary, First Election
Inside #468: Bechuanaland Protectorate #201O
Inside #471: G.B. #1 [A-A]
World Post Day
Inside #788: Stamps on Envelope
Stamps of Five Decades
Inside #???: Botswana #132
Inside #???: Botswana #359
Inside #???: Botswana #490
Inside #???: Botswana #710
Inside #???: Botswana #???? (2007)
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